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Morphine Facts and Info
Morphine is a painkiller utilized during medical treatments and for severe and chronic pain management.
Its side effects include decreased pain, euphoria and relaxation.
The drug is habit-forming, and people can cultivate a dependence on it even if they take it as suggested by a doctor.
Withdrawal symptoms consist of stomach cramps, diarrhea, irritability, high blood pressure and muscle aches.
Morphine misuse can lead to tolerance to the drug, which can cause individuals to take higher doses to attain the same effects. This enhances their chance of overdose.
Overdose symptoms incorporate constricted pupils, cold and clammy skin, decrease of muscle strength, confusion, low blood pressure and cardiac arrest.
What Is Morphine?
Morphine is a pain medication that belongs to the opiate drug class and is considered a narcotic. First extracted in the 19th century, morphine stems from the opium plant. It was first used as a painkiller for soldiers during the American Civil War.
Morphine can be used for both acute and chronic conditions of pain, though long-term use must be carefully monitored because of the substantial risk for abuse and dependency. It is most typically used to handle symptoms of pain following a myocardial infarction (i.e., heart attack) or during medical procedures.
Call Palm Beach Recovery Group at 1-888-414-7282 to speak to a treatment support expert about morphine recovery choices for you or your loved one.
How It Affects the Brain.
Morphine has extensive effects on the opioid mu-receptors in the central nervous system, as well as on smooth muscle tissue generally found in the gastrointestinal tract. Moreover, evidence suggests that morphine enhances the brain’s tolerance to pain, while still maintaining recognition of pain sensations.
Street Names for Morphine.
- White Stuff.
- Auntie M.
How Is It Used?
Morphine is offered in tablet or liquid solution forms. People who abuse morphine usually take the tablets orally or inject the solution straight into their bloodstream. Some people will crumble the tablets and snort them for a more potent high. With continued use, people cultivate a tolerance to the effects of the drug and begin to need increasing amounts to both achieve the desired high and prevent the onset of undesirable withdrawal symptoms.
Treatment Options and How to Pay for Recovery.
Recovery options for people with morphine addiction consist of 12-step programs, inpatient or outpatient.
12-step programs. These are complimentary programs that are open to anyone who wants to stop abusing morphine. You work through a program of steps of recovery with a sponsor and help other people struggling with drug or alcohol abuse. Narcotics Anonymous focuses on drugs such as morphine.
Inpatient recovery centers. These types of systems get you out of your using habits and atmosphere and into an environment of recovery. You work with a trained staff on discovering the causes of your addiction and receive assistance and regular medical direction.
Outpatient recovery centers. Outpatient treatment includes visiting a treatment facility a certain number of times a week for group or individual therapy.
Finding a Rehab Program.
Some people find it helpful to consider a few recovery morphine options before beginning a program.
You can think through regardless if you want to travel away from home, how much you’re willing to pay and which kind of program suits your life situation.
A morphine addiction treatment course will vary depending on:
The program’s length or how long you stay.
Whether it has luxury facilities such as spa treatments, horseback riding or fine dining.
Whether the program is inpatient or outpatient.
What your insurance pays for or how you choose to pay for treatment.
The program’s location.
Whether you have insurance or not, you can still find a rehabilitation center that will help you conquer your addiction to morphine.
Paying for Treatment.
Confirm your insurance coverage. Call Palm Beach Recovery Group at 1-888-414-7282 to find out what your insurance will cover and learn more about your treatment options.
Find rehab programs if you don’t have insurance. Call the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s toll-free helpline for more information and recommendations to programs that help individuals without insurance.
The short-term effects of morphine include:
- Decreased pain.
- Cough suppression.
- Side Effects.
The side effects of morphine include:
- Irritability or agitation.
- Abdominal pain.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Difficulty sleeping.
- Loss of memory.
- Heart failure.
- Circulatory collapse.
- Muscle tremors or seizures.
- Pupil constriction.
- Vision problems.
- Hives, rash or itching.
- Decreased heart and breathing rate.
- High or low blood pressure.
- Loss of consciousness.
Some of the most typical long-term effects of ongoing abuse of morphine include:
- Tolerance and dependence/addiction.
- Disregarding work and school responsibilities.
- Troubles with interpersonal relationships.
- Mental health problems.
- Serious physical health problems, especially if the drug is injected: HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, collapsed veins and blood and skin infections.
- Long-term use of morphine can also lead to respiratory distress because the drug slows down the respiratory and central nervous systems.
Signs and Symptoms of Addiction.
Morphine Addiction Is Treatable.
Recovery from morphine addiction can be challenging. But it’s feasible with the right treatment program.
An ongoing addiction to morphine can profoundly impact several factors that contribute to overall quality of life. Some of the most common signs of morphine addiction include:
- Difficulty at work or school.
- Increase in physical problems (such as headaches, nausea, chest pain, irregular heartbeat).
- Mood changes.
- Erratic behavior.
- Losing interest in almost all usual activities.
- Difficulties with relationships.
- Extreme interest in the substance.
- Withdrawal symptoms when use of the substance stops.4.
- Using morphine in a way that was not prescribed (e.g., crushing pills for nasal or IV use).
- Visiting multiple health care professionals for prescriptions.
How Addictive Is Morphine?
Individuals can become addicted to morphine even if they take their dose exactly as prescribed.
Men and women can develop a physical dependency on morphine, even if they take their dose exactly as prescribed by their doctor.
Taking more than the prescribed dose of morphine significantly increases one’s risk of cultivating dependence. As tolerance mounts, and morphine abuse continues without treatment, the user is at serious risk of creating a harmful and potentially life-threatening addiction.
Compared to other types of substance abuse, morphine addiction appears to be rather difficult to manage. Morphine users experience higher relapse rates than individuals in treatment for other types of drug abuse.
Withdrawal symptoms can arise within 36 hours of not taking morphine, and peak at around 36 to 72 hours.
- Stomach cramps.
- High blood pressure.
- Muscle aches.
- Runny nose.
- Dilated pupils.
- Tearing eyes.
Overdose can occur with morphine, resulting in an extensive depression of the central nervous system and a slowing down of the respiratory system. If you or someone you know may be suffering from morphine overdose, call 911 right away or visit the local emergency room.
Symptoms of Morphine Overdose.
- Constricted pupils.
- Cold and clammy skin.
- Atonia, or marked loss of muscle strength.
- Low blood pressure.
- Cardiac arrest.
- Circulatory collapse.
- Shallow/ slowed breathing.
- Vertigo (dizziness).
- Syncope (fainting).
Increased Risk with Tolerance.
Over time, morphine abuse can lead to very excessive levels of tolerance. This means that the person needs higher doses of the drug to feel the effects. At the same time, the harmful effects of the drug on the body, such as decreased breathing, may occur at lower doses. This phenomenon can significantly increase the person’s danger for overdose.
How Many People Abuse It?
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, in 2014 more than 20% of adults over the age of 26 were documented to have abused a prescription medication such as morphine at some point in their lifetime.
Results from this same study suggest that prescription drug use is highest between 18 and 25 years of age.
Find Treatment for Morphine Addiction.
Here at Palm Beach Recovery Group we believe no one should have to fight addiction alone. Morphine is a very addictive and dangerous drug that, if left untreated, could be fatal. If you or a loved one is at risk, please call Palm Beach Recovery Group toll free at 1-888-414-7282. No matter the addiction, we will help you find the perfect Treatment plan that works for you.