National sales of legal marijuana grew to $5.7 billion dollars in 2015 from $4.6 billion dollars in 2014 according to Arcview Market Research and New Frontier’s published report, State of Legal Marijuana Markets, 4th edition. National sales should pass $22 billion dollars by 2020, with 53% being adult use sales, meaning non-prescription use. So, the question needs to be asked; will legalization of medical marijuana impact addiction treatment?
Legalization of Medical Marijuana and Risk Perception
Opponents of legalization of medical marijuana state the movement increases access to marijuana while decreasing risk perceptions around the drug. The 2015 Gallup polls supports this as 58% of Americans state marijuana should be legalized. The majority has supported the movement for three consecutive years.
The 2015 Harris Polls also report 81% of Americans support legalization of medical marijuana and 49% support recreational use. This is an increase of support from 2011s figures of 74% and 42% respectively. Americans no longer view use of marijuana as a health risk. But what impact is the increased availability of marijuana having on our youth?
Daily Marijuana Use Among High School Seniors Surpasses Cigarette Use
Marijuana is an addictive substance and students are at risk for developing an addiction despite changing beliefs that the drug is safe. Opponents of legalization of medical marijuana fear students will increase use of the drug as new laws signal decreased risk. This is illustrated by one survey which shows only 31.9% of 12th graders see marijuana as harmful in 2015 compared to 36.1% in 2014. The survey also shows that daily use of marijuana among 12th graders exceeds cigarette use.
Marijuana is more accessible to youth today. This has many social implications including potential for arrest for possession and difficulty finding work. As use of marijuana rises so does arrests for possession. Law enforcement agencies arrested 13.6% more people in 2015 for possession of small amounts of marijuana than those arrested for violent crimes. Those convicted can be denied employment or fired from current jobs.
So, how does legalization of medical marijuana impact society and addiction treatment? Let’s look at a case study of one state that has legalized medical marijuana.
Case Study: Legalization of Medical Marijuana in Colorado
The State of Legal Marijuana Markets, 4th edition, reports Colorado was expected to generate $135 million dollars in taxes and fees from the sale of marijuana in 2015. In August, Colorado collected $13.2 million dollars in taxes in a single month reported by Colorado Marijuana Enforcement Division.
While the report states adult use of marijuana in Colorado is a success and a practical alternative to prohibition, other reports paint a less attractive picture.
- Arrests for drug violations increased almost 10% in 2014 when marijuana was legalized in the state.
- Public display or consumption of marijuana has increased from 184 cases in 2013 to 891 cases in 2014.
- Possession violations have decreased 47% as its now legal for adults to have small amounts for personal consumption in the state.
- 354 DUID citations were issued in 2014 to drivers in Denver in which marijuana was the only suspected substance of abuse.
- Marijuana accounted for 12% of DUID citations in Denver.
- 228 people have been cited so far for DUID in Colorado as of October 2016.
The Executive Office of the President of the United States issued a Colorado Drug Control Update. The update states marijuana is the most common reason for admission into drug treatment in Colorado. Colorado also shows a higher rate of illicit drug use than the national average. More people died in Colorado during 2007 due to drug use than deaths caused by firearms and car accidents.
So, the question remains, will legalization of medical marijuana positively impact Americans and addiction treatment? Colorado seems to show more people will face arrest and need addiction treatment. Whether this is a positive impact depends on perspective. As more people come into the open with marijuana use, those with an abuse problem have a greater chance of receiving help. More resources will be necessary to treat those willing to face addiction.
Legalization of Medical Marijuana Does Not Guarantee Responsible Use
Making a drug illegal does not stop substance abuse. Nor does making the drug legal guarantee responsible use. Addiction is a disease. While medical marijuana may have merit for reducing pain in cancer patients and other medicinal uses, it must be regulated and monitored for the safety of our youth. Americans must be educated on the dangers of marijuana and the medical benefits when used under the supervision of a doctor.
Need Help for Marijuana Addiction?
If you are struggling with an addiction to marijuana, seek help. Aion Recovery in Southern Florida offers evidence-based treatment to help you overcome addiction to marijuana. Calls are confidential. Call 888-811-2879.